The Lamb of God
Ed. note: This is simply the text of Revelation with the first and
last sections (verses 1:1 through 4:1; and 22:6 through 22:21) removed.
After that, I have only removed what seem to me to be parenthetical or
interjected references to Jesus the Christ. There are a grand total of
five mentions of "Jesus the Christ" and four mentions of "the
Christ" in the remaining text. It's as if whoever redacted the original
revelation to include the Letters to the Seven Churches also went through
and made sure that Jesus' name was in at least a few places. Once "restored"
(in my opinion) what we have left is the story of the Lamb of God (not
Jesus of Nazareth and not the risen Jesus Christ), a beast with seven
eyes and seven horns, who comes at the end of days to usher in God's final
Kingdom. Note how the story ends, very succinctly, with finality, "They
will reign forever and ever." It is also my opinion that this
story might predate the first century C.E. and thus predate Jesus. After
all, wasn't it the Historical Jesus who said, "The last shall be
first and the first last"? Wouldn't it be interesting if the last
book of the New Testament was actually the first of them to be written?
(4,2) Behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and one sitting on the
throne (4,3) that looked like a jasper stone and a sardius. There was
a rainbow around the throne, like an emerald to look at. (4,4) Around
the throne were twenty-four thrones. On the thrones were twenty-four elders
sitting, dressed in white garments, with crowns of gold on their heads.
(4,5) Out of the throne proceed lightnings, sounds, and thunders. There
were seven lamps of fire burning before his throne, which are the seven
Spirits of God. (4,6) Before the throne was something like a sea of glass,
similar to crystal. In the midst of the throne, and around the throne
were four living creatures full of eyes before and behind. (4,7) The first
creature was like a lion, and the second creature like a calf, and the
third creature had a face like a man, and the fourth was like a flying
eagle. (4,8) The four living creatures, each one of them having six wings,
are full of eyes around and within. They have no rest day and night, saying,
"Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God, the
Almighty, who was and who is and who is to come!"
(4,9) When the living creatures give glory, honor, and thanks to him
who sits on the throne, to him who lives forever and ever, (4,10) the
twenty-four elders fall down before him who sits on the throne, and worship
him who lives forever and ever, and throw their crowns before the throne,
saying, (4,11) "Worthy are you, our Lord and
God, the Holy One, to receive the glory, the honor, and the power,
for you created all things, and because of your desire they existed, and
(5,1) I saw, in the right hand of him who sat on the throne, a book written
inside and outside, sealed shut with seven seals. (5,2) I saw a mighty
angel proclaiming with a loud voice, "Who is worthy to open the book,
and to break its seals?" (5,3) No one in heaven above, or on the earth,
or under the earth, was able to open the book, or to look in it. (5,4)
And I wept much, because no one was found worthy to open the book, or
to look in it. (5,5) One of the elders said to me, "Don't weep. Behold,
the Lion who is of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome;
he who opens the book and its seven seals." (5,6) I saw in the midst of
the throne and of the four living creatures, and in the midst of the elders,
a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain, having seven horns, and
seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God, sent out into all the
earth. (5,7) Then he came, and he took it out of the right hand of him
who sat on the throne. (5,8) Now when he had taken the book, the four
living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb,
each one having a harp, and golden bowls full of incense, which are the
prayers of the saints. (5,9) They sang a new song, saying,
- "You are worthy to take the book,
- and to open its seals:
- for you were killed,
- and bought us for God with your blood,
- out of every tribe, language, people, and nation,
- (5,10) and made us kings and priests to our God,
- and we will reign on earth."
(5,11) I saw, and I heard something like a voice of many angels around
the throne, the living creatures, and the elders; and the number of them
was ten thousands of ten thousands, and thousands of thousands; (5,12)
saying with a loud voice, "Worthy is the Lamb who has been killed to receive
the power, wealth, wisdom, strength, honor, glory, and blessing!"
(5,13) I heard every created thing which is in heaven, on the earth,
under the earth, on the sea, and everything in them, saying, "To him who
sits on the throne, and to the Lamb be the blessing, the honor, the glory,
and the dominion, forever and ever! Amen!"
(5,14) The four living creatures said, "Amen!" The *elders
fell down and worshiped.*
(6,1) I saw that the Lamb opened one of the seven seals, and I heard
one of the four living creatures saying, as with a voice of thunder, "Come
and see!" (6,2) And behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a
bow. A crown was given to him, and he came forth conquering, and to conquer.
(6,3) When he opened the second seal, I heard the second living creature
saying, "Come!" (6,4) Another came forth, a red horse. To him who sat
on it was given power to take peace from the earth, and that they should
kill one another. There was given to him a great sword.
(6,5) When he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature
saying, "Come and see!" And behold, a black horse, and he who sat on it
had a balance in his hand. (6,6) I heard a voice in the midst of the four
living creatures saying, "A choenix of
wheat for a denarius, and three choenix of barley for a denarius! Don't
damage the oil and the wine!"
(6,7) When he opened the fourth seal, I heard the fourth living creature
saying, "Come and see!" (6,8) And behold, a pale horse, and he who sat
on it, his name was Death. Hades followed
with him. Authority over one fourth of the earth, to kill with the sword,
with famine, with death, and by the wild animals of the earth was given
(6,9) When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls
of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony
of the Lamb which they had. (6,10) They cried with a loud voice, saying,
"How long, Master, the holy and true, until you judge and avenge our blood
on those who dwell on the earth?" (6,11) A long white robe was given to
each of them. They were told that they should rest yet for a while, until
their fellow servants and their brothers,
who would also be killed even as they were, should complete their course.
(6,12) I saw when he opened the sixth seal, and there was a great earthquake.
The sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became
as blood. (6,13) The stars of the sky fell to the earth, like a fig tree
dropping its unripe figs when it is shaken by a great wind. (6,14) The
sky was removed like a scroll when it is rolled up. Every mountain and
island were moved out of their places. (6,15) The kings of the earth,
the princes, the commanding officers, the rich, the strong, and every
slave and free person, hid themselves in the caves and in the rocks of
the mountains. (6,16) They told the mountains and the rocks, "Fall on
us, and hide us from the face of him who sits on the throne, and from
the wrath of the Lamb, (6,17) for the great day of his wrath has come;
and who is able to stand?"
(7,1) After this, I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the
earth, holding the four winds of the earth, so that no wind would blow
on the earth, or on the sea, or on any tree. (7,2) I saw another angel
ascend from the sunrise, having the seal of the living God. He cried with
a loud voice to the four angels to whom it was given to harm the earth
and the sea, (7,3) saying, "Don't harm the earth, neither the sea, nor
the trees, until we have sealed the bondservants of our God on their foreheads!"
(7,4) I heard the number of those who were sealed, one hundred forty-four
thousand, sealed out of every tribe of the children of Israel:
- (7,5) of the tribe of Judah were sealed twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Gad twelve thousand,
- (7,6) of the tribe of Asher twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand,
- (7,7) of the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Levi twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand,
- (7,8) of the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand,
- of the tribe of Benjamin were sealed twelve thousand.
(7,9) After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude, which
no man could number, out of every nation and of all tribes, peoples, and
languages, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, dressed in
white robes, with palm branches in their hands. (7,10) They cried with
a loud voice, saying, "Salvation be to our God, who sits on the throne,
and to the Lamb!"
(7,11) All the angels were standing around the throne, the elders, and
the four living creatures; and they fell on their faces before his throne,
and worshiped God, (7,12) saying, "Amen! Blessing, glory, wisdom, thanksgiving,
honor, power, and might, be to our God forever and ever! Amen."
(7,13) One of the elders answered, saying to me, "These who are arrayed
in white robes, who are they, and from where did they come?"
(7,14) I told him, "My lord, you know."
He said to me, "These are those who came out of the great tribulation.
They washed their robes, and made them white in the Lamb's blood. (7,15)
Therefore they are before the throne of God, they serve him day and night
in his temple. He who sits on the throne will spread his tabernacle over
them. (7,16) They will never be hungry, neither thirsty any more; neither
will the sun beat on them, nor any heat; (7,17) for the Lamb who is in
the midst of the throne shepherds them, and leads them to springs of waters
of life. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes."
(8,1) When he opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven for
about half an hour. (8,2) I saw the seven angels who stand before God,
and seven trumpets were given to them. (8,3) Another angel came and stood
over the altar, having a golden censer. Much incense was given to him,
that he should add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar
which was before the throne. (8,4) The smoke of the incense, with the
prayers of the saints, went up before God out of the angel's hand. (8,5)
The angel took the censer, and he filled it with the fire of the altar,
and threw it on the earth. There followed thunders, sounds, lightnings,
and an earthquake.
(8,6) The seven angels who had the seven trumpets prepared themselves
to sound. (8,7) The first sounded, and there followed hail and fire, mixed
with blood, and they were thrown to the earth. One
third of the earth was burnt up, and one third of the trees were burnt
up, and all green grass was burnt up.
(8,8) The second angel sounded, and something like a great burning mountain
was thrown into the sea. One third of the sea became blood, (8,9) and
one third of the living creatures which were in the sea died. One third
of the ships were destroyed.
(8,10) The third angel sounded, and a great star fell from the sky, burning
like a torch, and it fell on one third of the rivers, and on the springs
of the waters. (8,11) The name of the star is called "Wormwood." One third
of the waters became wormwood. Many people died from the waters, because
they were made bitter.
(8,12) The fourth angel sounded, and one third of the sun was struck,
and one third of the moon, and one third of the stars; so that one third
of them would be darkened, and the day wouldn't shine for one third of
it, and the night in the same way. (8,13) I saw, and I heard an eagle,
flying in mid heaven, saying with a loud voice, "Woe! Woe! Woe for those
who dwell on the earth, because of the other voices of the trumpets of
the three angels, who are yet to sound!"
(9,1) The fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star from the sky which had
fallen to the earth. The key to the pit of the abyss was given to him.
(9,2) He opened the pit of the abyss, and smoke went up out of the pit,
like the smoke from a*
burning furnace. The sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke
from the pit. (9,3) Then out of the smoke came forth locusts on the earth,
and power was given to them, as the scorpions of the earth have power.
(9,4) They were told that they should not hurt the grass of the earth,
neither any green thing, neither any tree, but only those people who don't
have God's seal on their foreheads. (9,5) They were given power not to
kill them, but to torment them for five months. Their torment was like
the torment of a scorpion, when it strikes a person. (9,6) In those days
people will seek death, and will in no way find it. They will desire to
die, and death will flee from them. (9,7) The shapes of the locusts were
like horses prepared for war. On their heads were something like golden
crowns, and their faces were like people's faces. (9,8) They had hair
like women's hair, and their teeth were like those of lions. (9,9) They
had breastplates, like breastplates of iron. The sound of their wings
was like the sound of chariots, or of many horses rushing to war. (9,10)
They have tails like those of scorpions, and stings. In their tails they
have power to harm men for five months. (9,11) They have over them as
king the angel of the abyss. His name in Hebrew is "Abaddon,"
but in Greek, he has the name "Apollyon."
(9,12) The first woe is past. Behold, there are still two woes coming
(9,13) The sixth angel sounded. I heard a voice from the horns of the
golden altar which is before God, (9,14) saying to the sixth angel who
had one trumpet, "Free the four angels who are bound at the great river
(9,15) The four angels were freed who had been prepared for that hour
and day and month and year, so that they might kill one third of mankind.
(9,16) The number of the armies of the horsemen was two
hundred million. I heard the number of them. (9,17) Thus I saw the
horses in the vision, and those who sat on them, having breastplates of
fiery red, hyacinth blue, and sulfur yellow; and the heads of lions. Out
of their mouths proceed fire, smoke, and sulfur. (9,18) By these three
plagues were one third of mankind killed: by the fire, the smoke, and
the sulfur, which proceeded out of their mouths. (9,19) For the power
of the horses is in their mouths, and in their tails. For their tails
are like serpents, and have heads, and with them they harm. (9,20) The
rest of mankind, who were not killed with these plagues, didn't repent
of the works of their hands, that they wouldn't worship demons, and the
idols of gold, and of silver, and of brass, and of stone, and of wood;
which can neither see, nor hear, nor walk. (9,21) They didn't repent of
their murders, nor of their sorceries,
nor of their sexual immorality, nor of their thefts.
(10,1) I saw a mighty angel coming down out of the sky, clothed with
a cloud. A rainbow was on his head. His face was like the sun, and his
feet like pillars of fire. (10,2) He had in his hand a little open book.
He set his right foot on the sea, and his left on the land. (10,3) He
cried with a loud voice, as a lion roars. When he cried, the seven thunders
uttered their voices. (10,4) When the seven thunders sounded, I was about
to write; but I heard a voice from the sky saying, "Seal up the things
which the seven thunders said, and don't write them."
(10,5) The angel who I saw standing on the sea and on the land lifted
up his right hand to the sky, (10,6) and swore by him who lives forever
and ever, who created heaven and the things that are in it, the earth
and the things that are in it, and the sea and the things that are in
it, that there will no longer be delay, (10,7) but in the days of the
voice of the seventh angel, when he is about to sound, then the mystery
of God is finished, as he declared to his servants, the prophets. (10,8)
The voice which I heard from heaven, again speaking with me, said, "Go,
take the book which is open in the hand of the angel who stands on the
sea and on the land."
(10,9) I went to the angel, telling him to give me the little book.
He said to me, "Take it, and eat it up. It will make your stomach bitter,
but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey."
(10,10) I took the little book out of the angel's hand, and ate it up.
It was as sweet as honey in my mouth. When I had eaten it, my stomach
was made bitter. (10,11) They told me, "You must prophesy again over many
peoples, nations, languages, and kings."
(11,1) A reed like a rod was given to me. Someone said, "Rise, and measure
God's temple, and the altar, and those who worship in it. (11,2) Leave
out the court which is outside of the temple, and don't measure it, for
it has been given to the nations. They will tread the holy city under
foot for forty-two months. (11,3) I will give power to my two witnesses,
and they will prophesy one thousand two hundred sixty days, clothed in
sackcloth." (11,4) These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands,
standing before the Lord of the earth. (11,5) If anyone desires to harm
them, fire proceeds out of their mouth and devours their enemies. If anyone
desires to harm them, he must be killed in this way. (11,6) These have
the power to shut up the sky, that it may not rain during the days of
their prophecy. They have power over the waters, to turn them into blood,
and to strike the earth with every plague, as often as they desire. (11,7)
When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of
the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them, and kill them. (11,8)
Their dead bodies will be in the street of the great city, which spiritually
is called Sodom and Egypt, where also their Lord was crucified. (11,9)
From among the peoples, tribes, languages, and nations people will look
at their dead bodies for three and a half days, and will not allow their
dead bodies to be laid in a tomb. (11,10) Those who dwell on the earth
rejoice over them, and they will be glad. They will give gifts to one
another, because these two prophets tormented those who dwell on the earth.
(11,11) After the three and a half days, the breath of life from God entered
into them, and they stood on their feet. Great fear fell on those who
saw them. (11,12) I heard a loud voice from heaven saying to them, "Come
up here!" They went up into heaven in the cloud, and their enemies saw
them. (11,13) In that day there was a great earthquake, and a tenth of
the city fell. Seven thousand people were killed in the earthquake, and
the rest were terrified, and gave glory to the God of heaven. (11,14)
The second woe is past. Behold, the third woe comes quickly.
(11,15) The seventh angel sounded, and great voices in heaven followed,
saying, "The kingdom of the world has become the Kingdom of our Lord.
He will reign forever and ever!"
(11,16) The twenty-four elders, who sit on their thrones before God's
throne, fell on their faces and worshiped God, (11,17) saying: "We give
you thanks, Lord God, the Almighty, the one who is and who was*;
because you have taken your great power, and reigned. (11,18) The nations
were angry, and your wrath came, as did the time for the dead to be judged,
and to give your bondservants the prophets, their reward, as well as to
the saints, and those who fear your name, to the small and the great;
and to destroy those who destroy the earth."
(11,19) God's temple that is in heaven was opened, and the ark of the
Lord's covenant was seen in his temple. Lightnings, sounds, thunders,
an earthquake, and great hail followed.
(12,1) A great sign was seen in heaven: a woman clothed with the sun,
and the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars.
(12,2) She was with child. She cried out in pain, laboring to give birth.
(12,3) Another sign was seen in heaven. Behold, a great red dragon, having
seven heads and ten horns, and on his heads seven crowns. (12,4) His tail
drew one third of the stars of the sky, and threw them to the earth. The
dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when
she gave birth he might devour her child. (12,5) She gave birth to a son,
a male child, who is to rule all the nations with a rod of iron. Her child
was caught up to God, and to his throne. (12,6) The woman fled into the
wilderness, where she has a place prepared by God, that there they may
nourish her one thousand two hundred sixty days.
(12,7) There was war in the sky. Michael and his angels made war on the
dragon. The dragon and his angels made war. (12,8) They didn't prevail,
neither was a place found for him any more in heaven. (12,9) The great
dragon was thrown down, the old serpent, he who is called the devil and
Satan, the deceiver of the whole world. He was thrown down to the earth,
and his angels were thrown down with him. (12,10) I heard a loud voice
in heaven, saying, "Now is come the salvation, the power, and the Kingdom
of our God; for the accuser of our brothers has been thrown down, who
accuses them before our God day and night. (12,11) They overcame him because
of the Lamb's blood, and because of the word of their testimony. They
didn't love their life, even to death. (12,12) Therefore rejoice, heavens,
and you who dwell in them. Woe to the earth and to the sea, because the
devil has gone down to you, having great wrath, knowing that he has but
a short time."
(12,13) When the dragon saw that he was thrown down to the earth, he
persecuted the woman who gave birth to the male child. (12,14) Two wings
of the great eagle were given to the woman, that she might fly into the
wilderness to her place, so that she might be nourished for a time, and
times, and half a time, from the face of the serpent. (12,15) The serpent
spewed water out of his mouth after the woman like a river, that he might
cause her to be carried away by the stream. (12,16) The earth helped the
woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed up the river which
the dragon spewed out of his mouth. (12,17) The dragon grew angry with
the woman, and went away to make war with the rest of her seed.
(13,1) Then I stood on the sand of the sea. I saw a beast coming up out
of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads. On his horns were ten crowns,
and on his heads, blasphemous names. (13,2) The beast which I saw was
like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth
like the mouth of a lion. The dragon gave him his power, his throne, and
great authority. (13,3) One of his heads looked like it had been wounded
fatally. His fatal wound was healed, and the whole earth marveled at the
beast. (13,4) They worshiped the dragon, because he gave his authority
to the beast, and they worshiped the beast, saying, "Who is like the beast?
Who is able to make war with him?" (13,5) A mouth speaking great things
and blasphemy was given to him. Authority to make war for forty-two months
was given to him. (13,6) He opened his mouth for blasphemy against God,
to blaspheme his name, and his dwelling, those who dwell in heaven. (13,7)
It was given to him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them.
Authority over every tribe, people, language, and nation was given to
him. (13,8) All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose
name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book
of life of the Lamb who has been killed. (13,9) If anyone has an ear,
let him hear. (13,10) If anyone has captivity,
he will go into captivity. If anyone is with the sword, he must be killed.
Here is the endurance and the faith of the saints.
(13,11) I saw another beast coming up out of the earth. He had two horns
like a lamb, and he spoke like a dragon. (13,12) He exercises all the
authority of the first beast in his presence. He makes the earth and those
who dwell in it to worship the first beast, whose fatal wound was healed.
(13,13) He performs great signs, even making fire come down out of the
sky to the earth in the sight of people. (13,14) He deceives my own people
who dwell on the earth because of the signs he was granted to do in front
of the beast; saying to those who dwell on the earth, that they should
make an image to the beast who had the sword wound and lived. (13,15)
It was given to him to give breath to it, to the image of the beast, that
the image of the beast should both speak, and cause as many as wouldn't
worship the image of the beast to be killed. (13,16) He causes all, the
small and the great, the rich and the poor, and the free and the slave,
to be given marks on their right hands, or on their foreheads; (13,17)
and that no one would be able to buy or to sell, unless he has that mark,
the name of the beast or the number of his name. (13,18) Here is wisdom.
He who has understanding, let him calculate the number of the beast, for
it is the number of a man. His number is six hundred sixty-six.
(14,1) I saw, and behold, the Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with him
a number, one hundred forty-four thousand, having his name, and the name
of his Father, written on their foreheads. (14,2) I heard a sound from
heaven, like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of a great thunder.
The sound which I heard was like that of harpists playing on their harps.
(14,3) They sing a new song before the throne, and before the four living
creatures and the elders. No one could learn the song except the one hundred
forty-four thousand, those who had been redeemed out of the earth. (14,4)
These are those who were not defiled with women, for they are virgins.
These are those who follow the Lamb wherever he goes. These were redeemed
from among men, the first fruits to God and to the Lamb. (14,5) In their
mouth was found no lie, for they are blameless.*
(14,6) I saw an angel flying in mid heaven, having an eternal Good News
to proclaim to those who dwell on the earth, and to every nation, tribe,
language, and people. (14,7) He said with a loud voice, "Fear the Lord,
and give him glory; for the hour of his judgment has come. Worship him
who made the heaven, the earth, the sea, and the springs of waters!"
(14,8) Another, a second angel, followed, saying, "Babylon the great
has fallen, which has made all the nations to drink of the wine of the
wrath of her sexual immorality."
(14,9) Another angel, a third, followed them, saying with a great voice,
"If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his
forehead, or on his hand, (14,10) he also will drink of the wine of the
wrath of God, which is prepared unmixed in the cup of his anger. He will
be tormented with fire and sulfur in the presence of the holy angels,
and in the presence of the Lamb. (14,11) The smoke of their torment goes
up forever and ever. They have no rest day and night, those who worship
the beast and his image, and whoever receives the mark of his name."
(14,13) I heard the voice from heaven saying, "Write, 'Blessed are the
dead who die in the Lord from now on.'"
"Yes," says the Spirit, "that they may rest from their labors; for their
works follow with them."
(14,14) I looked, and behold, a white cloud; and on the cloud one sitting
like a son of man,*
having on his head a golden crown, and in his hand a sharp sickle. (14,15)
Another angel came out from the temple, crying with a loud voice to him
who sat on the cloud, "Send forth your sickle, and reap; for the hour
to reap has come; for the harvest of the earth is ripe!" (14,16) He who
sat on the cloud thrust his sickle on the earth, and the earth was reaped.
(14,17) Another angel came out from the temple which is in heaven. He
also had a sharp sickle. (14,18) Another angel came out from the altar,
he who has power over fire, and he called with a great voice to him who
had the sharp sickle, saying, "Send forth your sharp sickle, and gather
the clusters of the vine of the earth, for the earth's grapes are fully
ripe!" (14,19) The angel thrust his sickle into the earth, and gathered
the vintage of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the
wrath of God. (14,20) The winepress was trodden outside of the city, and
blood came out from the winepress, even to the bridles of the horses,
as far as one thousand six hundred stadia.
(15,1) I saw another great and marvelous sign in the sky: seven angels
having the seven last plagues, for in them God's wrath is finished. (15,2)
I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who overcame
the beast, his image,*
and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps
of God. (15,3) They sang the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the
song of the Lamb, saying,
- "Great and marvelous are your works, Lord God, the Almighty!
- Righteous and true are your ways, you King of the nations.
- (15,4) Who wouldn't fear you, Lord,
- and glorify your name?
- For you only are holy.
- For all the nations will come and worship before you.
- For your righteous acts have been revealed."
(15,5) After these things I looked, and the temple of the tabernacle
of the testimony in heaven was opened. (15,6) The seven angels who had
the seven plagues came out, clothed with pure, bright linen, and wearing
golden sashes around their breasts.
(15,7) One of the four living creatures gave to the seven angels seven
golden bowls full of the wrath of God, who lives forever and ever. (15,8)
The temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from his power.
No one was able to enter into the temple, until the seven plagues of the
seven angels would be finished.
(16,1) I heard a loud voice out of the temple, saying to the seven angels,
"Go and pour out the seven bowls of the wrath of God on the earth!"
(16,2) The first went, and poured out his bowl into the earth, and it
became a harmful and evil sore on the people who had the mark of the beast,
and who worshiped his image.
(16,3) The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became
blood as of a dead man. Every living thing in the sea died.
(16,4) The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water,
and they became blood. (16,5) I heard the angel of the waters saying,
"You are righteous, who are and who were, you Holy One, because you have
judged these things. (16,6) For they poured out the blood of the saints
and the prophets, and you have given them blood to drink. They deserve
this." (16,7) I heard the altar saying, "Yes, Lord God, the Almighty,
true and righteous are your judgments."
(16,8) The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to
him to scorch men with fire. (16,9) People were scorched with great heat,
and people blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues.
They didn't repent and give him glory.
(16,10) The fifth poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and
his kingdom was darkened. They gnawed their tongues because of the pain,
(16,11) and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and
their sores. They didn't repent of their works.
(16,12) The sixth poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates.
Its water was dried up, that the way might be made ready for the kings
that come from the sunrise. (16,13) I saw coming out of the mouth of the
dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the
false prophet, three unclean spirits, something like frogs; (16,14) for
they are spirits of demons, performing signs; which go forth to the kings
of the whole inhabited earth, to gather them together for the war of that
great day of God, the Almighty.
(16,15) "Behold, I come like a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and
keeps his clothes, so that he doesn't walk naked, and they see his shame."
(16,16) He gathered them together into the place which is called in Hebrew,
(16,17) The seventh poured out his bowl into the air. A loud voice came
forth out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, "It is done!"
(16,18) There were lightnings, sounds, and thunders; and there was a great
earthquake, such as was not since there were men on the earth, so great
an earthquake, so mighty. (16,19) The great city was divided into three
parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered
in the sight of God, to give to her the cup of the wine of the fierceness
of his wrath. (16,20) Every island fled away, and the mountains were not
found. (16,21) Great hailstones, about the weight of a talent,
came down out of the sky on people. People blasphemed God because of the
plague of the hail, for this plague is exceedingly severe.
(17,1) One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls came and spoke
with me, saying, "Come here. I will show you the judgment of the great
prostitute who sits on many waters, (17,2) with whom the kings of the
earth committed sexual immorality, and those who dwell in the earth were
made drunken with the wine of her sexual immorality." (17,3) He carried
me away in the Spirit into a wilderness. I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet-colored
animal, full of blasphemous names, having seven heads and ten horns. (17,4)
The woman was dressed in purple and scarlet, and decked with gold and
precious stones and pearls, having in her hand a golden cup full of abominations
and the impurities of the sexual immorality of the earth. (17,5) And on
her forehead a name was written, "MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER
OF THE PROSTITUTES AND OF THE ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH." (17,6) I saw
the woman drunken with the blood of the saints. When I saw her, I wondered
with great amazement. (17,7) The angel said to me, "Why do you wonder?
I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast that carries
her, which has the seven heads and the ten horns. (17,8) The beast that
you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss and
to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth and whose names have
not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world
will marvel when they see that the beast was, and is not, and shall
be present. (17,9) Here is the mind that has wisdom. The seven heads
are seven mountains, on which the woman sits. (17,10) They are seven kings.
Five have fallen, the one is, the other has not yet come. When he comes,
he must continue a little while. (17,11) The beast that was, and is not,
is himself also an eighth, and is of the seven; and he goes to destruction.
(17,12) The ten horns that you saw are ten kings who have received no
kingdom as yet, but they receive authority as kings, with the beast, for
one hour. (17,13) These have one mind, and they give their power and authority
to the beast. (17,14) These will war against the Lamb, and the Lamb will
overcome them, for he is Lord of lords, and King of kings. They also will
overcome who are with him, called and chosen and faithful." (17,15) He
said to me, "The waters which you saw, where the prostitute sits, are
peoples, multitudes, nations, and languages. (17,16) The ten horns which
you saw, and the beast, these will hate the prostitute, and will make
her desolate, and will make her naked, and will eat her flesh, and will
burn her utterly with fire. (17,17) For God has put in their hearts to
do what he has in mind, and to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom
to the beast, until the words of God should be accomplished. (17,18) The
woman whom you saw is the great city, which reigns over the kings of the
(18,1) After these things, I saw another angel coming down out of the
sky, having great authority. The earth was illuminated with his glory.
(18,2) He cried with a mighty voice, saying, "Fallen, fallen is Babylon
the great, and she has become a habitation of demons, a prison of every
unclean spirit, and a prison of every unclean and hateful bird! (18,3)
For all the nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her sexual
immorality, the kings of the earth committed sexual immorality with her,
and the merchants of the earth grew rich from the abundance of her luxury."
(18,4) I heard another voice from heaven, saying, "Come out of her, my
people, that you have no participation in her sins, and that you don't
receive of her plagues, (18,5) for her sins have reached to the sky, and
God has remembered her iniquities. (18,6) Return to her just as she returned,
and repay her double as she did, and according to her works. In the cup
which she mixed, mix to her double. (18,7) However much she glorified
herself, and grew wanton, so much give her of torment and mourning. For
she says in her heart, 'I sit a queen, and am no widow, and will in no
way see mourning.' (18,8) Therefore in one day her plagues will come:
death, mourning, and famine; and she will be utterly burned with fire;
for the Lord God who has judged her is strong. (18,9) The kings of the
earth, who committed sexual immorality and lived wantonly with her, will
weep and wail over her, when they look at the smoke of her burning, (18,10)
standing far away for the fear of her torment, saying, 'Woe, woe, the
great city, Babylon, the strong city! For your judgment has come in one
hour.' (18,11) The merchants of the earth weep and mourn over her, for
no one buys their merchandise any more; (18,12) merchandise of gold, silver,
precious stones, pearls, fine linen, purple, silk, scarlet, all expensive
wood, every vessel of ivory, every vessel made of most precious wood,
and of brass, and iron, and marble; (18,13) and cinnamon, incense, perfume,
frankincense, wine, olive oil, fine flour, wheat, sheep, horses, chariots,
and people's bodies and souls. (18,14) The fruits which your soul lusted
after have been lost to you, and all things that were dainty and sumptuous
have perished from you, and you will find them no more at all. (18,15)
The merchants of these things, who were made rich by her, will stand far
away for the fear of her torment, weeping and mourning; (18,16) saying,
'Woe, woe, the great city, she who was dressed in fine linen, purple,
and scarlet, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls! (18,17)
For in an hour such great riches are made desolate.' Every shipmaster,
and everyone who sails anywhere, and mariners, and as many as gain their
living by sea, stood far away, (18,18) and cried out as they looked at
the smoke of her burning, saying, 'What is like the great city?' (18,19)
They cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and mourning, saying,
'Woe, woe, the great city, in which all who had their ships in the sea
were made rich by reason of her great wealth!' For in one hour is she
(18,20) "Rejoice over her, O heaven, you saints, apostles, and prophets;
for God has judged your judgment on her." (18,21) A mighty angel took
up a stone like a great millstone and cast it into the sea, saying, "Thus
with violence will Babylon, the great city, be thrown down, and will be
found no more at all. (18,22) The voice of harpists, minstrels, flute
players, and trumpeters will be heard no more at all in you. No craftsman,
of whatever craft, will be found any more at all in you. The sound of
a mill will be heard no more at all in you. (18,23) The light of a lamp
will shine no more at all in you. The voice of the bridegroom and of the
bride will be heard no more at all in you; for your merchants were the
princes of the earth; for with your sorcery all the nations were deceived.
(18,24) In her was found the blood of prophets and of saints, and of all
who have been slain on the earth."
(19,1) After these things I heard something like a loud voice of a great
multitude in heaven, saying, "Hallelujah! Salvation, power, and glory
belong to our God: (19,2) for true and righteous are his judgments. For
he has judged the great prostitute, who corrupted the earth with her sexual
immorality, and he has avenged the blood of his servants at her hand."
(19,3) A second said, "Hallelujah! Her smoke goes up forever and ever."
(19,4) The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down
and worshiped God who sits on the throne, saying, "Amen! Hallelujah!"
(19,5) A voice came forth from the throne, saying, "Give praise to our
God, all you his servants, you who fear him, the small and the great!"
(19,6) I heard something like the voice of a great multitude, and like
the voice of many waters, and like the voice of mighty thunders, saying,
"Hallelujah! For the Lord our God, the Almighty, reigns! (19,7) Let us
rejoice and be exceedingly glad, and let us give the glory to him. For
the marriage of the Lamb has come, and his wife has made herself ready."
(19,8) It was given to her that she would array herself in bright, pure,
fine linen: for the fine linen is the righteous acts of the saints.
(19,9) He said to me, "Write, 'Blessed are those who are invited to the
marriage supper of the Lamb.'" He said to me, "These are true words of
(19,10) I fell down before his feet to worship him. He said to me, "Look!
Don't do it! I am a fellow bondservant with you. Worship God."
(19,11) I saw the heaven opened, and behold, a white horse, and he who
sat on it is called Faithful and True. In righteousness he judges and
makes war. (19,12) His eyes are a flame of fire, and on his head are many
crowns. He has names written and a name written which no one knows but
he himself. (19,13) He is clothed in a garment sprinkled with blood. His
name is called "The Word of God." (19,14) The armies which are in heaven
followed him on white horses, clothed in white, pure, fine linen. (19,15)
Out of his mouth proceeds a sharp, double-edged sword, that with it he
should strike the nations. He will rule them with an iron rod.*
He treads the winepress of the fierceness of the wrath of God, the Almighty.
(19,16) He has on his garment and on his thigh a name written, "KING OF
KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS."
(19,17) I saw an angel standing in the sun. He cried with a loud voice,
saying to all the birds that fly in the sky, "Come! Be gathered together
to the great supper of God, (19,18) that
you may eat the flesh of kings, the flesh of captains, the flesh of mighty
men, and the flesh of horses and of those who sit on them, and the flesh
of all men, both free and slave, and small and great." (19,19) I saw the
beast, and the kings of the earth, and their armies, gathered together
to make war against him who sat on the horse, and against his army. (19,20)
The beast was taken, and with him the false prophet who worked the signs
in his sight, with which he deceived those who had received the mark of
the beast and those who worshiped his image. These two were thrown alive
into the lake of fire that burns with sulfur. (19,21) The rest were killed
with the sword of him who sat on the horse, the sword which came forth
out of his mouth. All the birds were filled with their flesh.
(20,1) I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key of the
abyss and a great chain in his hand. (20,2) He seized the dragon, the
old serpent, which is the devil and Satan, who deceives the whole inhabited
earth, and bound him for a thousand years, (20,3) and cast him into the
abyss, and shut it, and sealed it over him, that he should deceive the
nations no more, until the thousand years were finished. After this, he
must be freed for a short time. (20,4) I saw thrones, and they sat on
them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had
been beheaded for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast
nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their
hand. They lived for a thousand years. (20,5) The rest of the dead didn't
live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
(20,6) Blessed and holy is he who has part in the first resurrection.
Over these, the second death has no power, but they will be priests of
God, and will reign with him one thousand years.
(20,7) And after the thousand years, Satan will be released from his
prison, (20,8) and he will come out to deceive the nations which are in
the four corners of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together
to the war; the number of whom is as the sand of the sea. (20,9) They
went up over the breadth of the earth, and surrounded the camp of the
saints, and the beloved city. Fire came down out of heaven from God, and
devoured them. (20,10) The devil who deceived them was thrown into the
lake of fire and sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet are also.
They will be tormented day and night forever and ever.
(20,11) I saw a great white throne, and him who sat on it, from whose
face the earth and the heaven fled away. There was found no place for
them. (20,12) I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before
the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the
book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written
in the books, according to their works. (20,13) The sea gave up the dead
who were in it. Death and Hades gave
up the dead who were in them. They were judged, each one according to
his works. (20,14) Death and Hades were
thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire.
(20,15) If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast
into the lake of fire.
(21,1) I saw a new heaven and a new earth: for the first heaven and the
first earth have passed away, and the sea is no more. (21,2) I saw the
holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, made ready
like a bride adorned for her husband. (21,3) I heard a loud voice out
of heaven saying, "Behold, God's dwelling is with people, and he will
dwell with them, and they will be his people, and God himself will be
with them as their God. (21,4) He will wipe away from them every tear
from their eyes. Death will be no more; neither will there be mourning,
nor crying, nor pain, any more. The first things have passed away."
(21,5) He who sits on the throne said, "Behold, I am making all things
new." He said, "Write, for these words of God are faithful and true."
(21,6) He said to me, "It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning
and the End. I will give freely to him who is thirsty from the spring
of the water of life. (21,7) He who overcomes, I will give him these things.
I will be his God, and he will be my son. (21,8) But for the cowardly,
unbelieving, sinners, abominable, murderers, sexually immoral, sorcerers,
idolaters, and all liars, their part is in the lake that burns with fire
and sulfur, which is the second death."
(21,9) One of the seven angels who had the seven bowls, who were loaded
with the seven last plagues came, and he spoke with me, saying, "Come
here. I will show you the wife, the Lamb's bride." (21,10) He carried
me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the
holy city, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, (21,11) having
the glory of God. Her light was like a most precious stone, as if it was
a jasper stone, clear as crystal; (21,12) having a great and high wall;
having twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels; and names written
on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel.
(21,13) On the east were three gates; and on the north three gates; and
on the south three gates; and on the west three gates. (21,14) The wall
of the city had twelve foundations, and on them twelve names of the twelve
Apostles of the Lamb. (21,15) He who spoke with me had for a measure,
a golden reed, to measure the city, its gates, and its walls. (21,16)
The city lies foursquare, and its length is as great as its breadth. He
measured the city with the reed, Twelve thousand
twelve stadia. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. (21,17)
Its wall is one hundred forty-four cubits,
by the measure of a man, that is, of an angel. (21,18) The construction
of its wall was jasper. The city was pure gold, like pure glass. (21,19)
The foundations of the city's wall were adorned with all kinds of precious
stones. The first foundation was jasper; the second, sapphire;
the third, chalcedony; the fourth, emerald; (21,20) the fifth, sardonyx;
the sixth, sardius; the seventh, chrysolite; the eighth, beryl; the ninth,
topaz; the tenth, chrysoprasus; the eleventh, jacinth; and the twelfth,
amethyst. (21,21) The twelve gates were twelve pearls. Each one of the
gates was made of one pearl. The street of the city was pure gold, like
transparent glass. (21,22) I saw no temple in it, for the Lord God, the
Almighty, and the Lamb, are its temple. (21,23) The city has no need for
the sun, neither of the moon, to shine, for the very glory of God illuminated
it, and its lamp is the Lamb. (21,24) The nations will walk in its light.
The kings of the earth bring the glory and honor of the nations into it.
(21,25) Its gates will in no way be shut by day (for there will be no
night there), (21,26) and they shall bring the glory and the honor of
the nations into it so that they may enter. (21,27) There will in no way
enter into it anything profane, or one who causes an abomination or a
lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's book of life.
(22,1) He showed me a*
river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding out of the throne
of God and of the Lamb, (22,2) in the middle of its street. On this side
of the river and on that was the tree of life, bearing twelve kinds of
fruits, yielding its fruit every month. The leaves of the tree were for
the healing of the nations. (22,3) There will be no curse any more. The
throne of God and of the Lamb will be in it, and his servants serve him.
(22,4) They will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.
(22,5) There will be no night, and they need no lamp light; for the Lord
God will illuminate them. They will reign forever and ever.
 back to 4:8 Hodges/Farstad
MT reads "holy" 9 times instead of 3.
 back to 4:11 TR
omits "and God, the Holy One,"
 back to 5:13 TR
 back to 5:14 TR
 back to 5:14 TR
adds "the one living forever and ever"
 back to 6:6 A choenix
is a dry volume measure that is a little more than a litre (a little more
than a quart).
 back to 6:8 or, Hell
 back to 6:11 The
word for "brothers" here and where context allows may also be correctly
translated "brothers and sisters" or "siblings."
 back to 8:7 TR omits
"One third of the earth was burnt up"
 back to 8:13 TR
reads "angel" instead of "eagle"
 back to 9:2 TR adds
 back to 9:11 "Abaddon"
is a Hebrew word that means ruin, destruction, or the place of destruction
 back to 9:11 "Apollyon"
 back to 9:16 literally,
"ten thousands of ten thousands"
 back to 9:21 The
word for "sorceries" (pharmakeia) also implies the use of potions, poisons,
 back to 11:17
TR adds "and who is coming"
 back to 13:10
TR reads "If anyone leads into captivity, into captivity he goes. If anyone
will kill with the sword, he must be killed with a sword." instead of
"If anyone has captivity, he will go into captivity. If anyone is with
the sword, he must be killed."
 back to 14:5 TR
adds "before the throne of God"
 back to 14:14
 back to 14:20
1600 stadia = 296 kilometers or 184 miles
 back to 15:2 TR
adds "his mark,"
 back to 16:21
1 talent is about 34 kilograms or 75 pounds
 back to 17:8 TR
reads "yet is" instead of "shall be present"
 back to 19:15
 back to 19:17
TR reads "supper of the great God" instead of "great supper of God"
 back to 20:13
 back to 20:14
 back to 21:8 The
word for "sorcerers" here also includes users of potions and drugs.
 back to 21:16
12,012 stadia = or 2,221 kilometers or 1,380 miles. TR reads 12,000 stadia
instead of 12,012 stadia.
 back to 21:17
144 cubits is about 65.8 meters or 216 feet
 back to 21:19
or, lapis lazuli
 back to 22:1 TR